ICOs are Securites, ‘Don’t Know How Much More Clear I Can Be’: SEC Chairman
The SEC held a public forum on June 13, “Investing In America: Atlanta Town Hall Meeting.” The town hall was highly anticipated because regulators planned on speaking about cryptocurrency regulations and innovation. The session was open to the public and streamed live on the SEC website.
The discussions reaffirmed that the agency wants to welcome innovation with
blockchain technology but is also extremely cautious toward fraud, especially as it relates to retail or individual investors. The stance on ICOs was also the same — that they are securities — though no token or coin was mentioned by name.
Speakers set a general tone that nearly all investment types, outside of
cryptocurrency, are increasing in complexity and technological advances, and the agency is improving their own data and technology to keep up and improve security.
Kara Stein, Commissioner of the SEC, said:
“[Cryptocurrency] has the potential to reduce the cost of investing. It could decease the cost of capital allocation. We are being challenged, we are being disrupted like everybody else is… and one of the things we’re thinking about is how embrace the innovation and make sure it’s used effectively. One thing we are thinking through is how to ideally anticipate and prevent problems before they arise.”
“I think remaining competitive requires, both us as regulators and market participants, to thoughtfully evolve with the innovation and not react to it after the fact,” she added. “For example, there are increased risks for pump and dumps and Ponzi schemes, perhaps, because it’s so easy to now invest in that hotel resort community in some African nation.”
Hailed in February as an apologist for blockchain, Jay Clayton, Chairman of the SEC, reiterated that he sees a lot of potential in blockchain’s technology. However, he does believe that the same regulations that have built the US equities markets are still applicable and he “expects them to be followed,” as CCN reported on June 7.
“Blockchain technology has incredible promise for securities and other industries. I think we all can agree on that… It greatly reduces transactions costs, including the costs of verification. It’s a powerful technology… That technology, people have used to apply to fundraising… we’ve had pretty clear…rules on how to conduct fundraising when you’re offering securities. Much of what I have seen in the
ICO or token or ICO space, is a security offering… I don’t know how much more clear I can be about it.”
The “much” qualifier follows his statements on April 7 that not all ICOs are fraud, as CCN reported, but that many participants in the ICO industry nevertheless flout federal regulations governing securities offerings.